China's Long-term Investment Appeal Remains Strong Amid Global Trade Dynamics

Despite diversification trends, China remains a key long-term market, with global investors eyeing consumer industries and real estate debt opportunities.

By Athena Xu

5/15, 19:13 EDT

Key Takeaway

  • Despite diversification efforts, China remains a crucial market for long-term investment, with its economic growth and business emergence seen as inevitable.
  • The "China Plus One" strategy highlights global trade dynamics but doesn't diminish China's unique role, suggesting complementary global economic relationships.
  • Major investors remain bullish on China's consumer industries despite skepticism, with real estate debt and Gulf investments emerging as new opportunities.

China's Long-term Investment Appeal

Despite the current geopolitical tensions and the diversification of supply chains away from China, the country remains a significant market for long-term investors. Shailendra Singh, managing director of Peak XV Partners, emphasized the enduring importance of China in the global economy, suggesting that, over a span of decades, China's economic growth and the emergence of robust businesses within its borders are inevitable. This perspective is grounded in the belief that geopolitical dynamics will eventually stabilize, allowing China to maintain its status as a key player in the global market. The firm, with $9 billion of assets under management and investments in over 400 companies across various sectors, underscores the broad interest in China's market potential.

Diversification and Global Trade Dynamics

The shift towards a "China Plus One" strategy by many companies, including tech giants like Apple and automotive leaders like BMW, highlights a trend of diversifying supply chains to mitigate geopolitical risks. This strategy has led to benefits for countries like India and Southeast Asian nations as companies explore manufacturing and operational expansions outside of China. However, experts like David Roche, president and global strategist at Independent Strategy, caution against viewing this as a sign that India or any other country could replace China's unique role in global trade. The fundamental differences in the economic models of China and India, with the former focused on achieving global market share and the latter on domestic market development, suggest a complementary rather than competitive relationship in the global economy.

Investment Opportunities Amid Skepticism

Despite a backdrop of skepticism and a reevaluation of China's economic attractiveness following several challenging years, major global investors, including Brookfield Asset Management Ltd. and Qatar’s sovereign wealth fund, continue to express confidence in China's market. These investors, speaking at the Qatar Economic Forum, highlighted the potential for high returns, particularly in consumer-related industries, driven by China's large population and growing middle class. This bullish stance on China contrasts with the retreat of some investors, underscoring a nuanced view of the opportunities present in the world's second-largest economy despite prevailing doubts.

Real Estate Debt and Gulf Investments

The retreat of banks from lending in the commercial property sector has opened up new avenues for investment in real estate debt. Firms like PGIM and Brookfield are among those looking to increase their exposure to this area, targeting sectors such as logistics and data centers. This shift comes as the global commercial property industry seeks recovery from its most significant slump since the 2007-9 financial crisis. Additionally, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. is expanding its investment strategies in the Gulf, anticipating growth in the region's share of the MSCI Emerging Markets Index. This reflects a broader trend of Gulf countries diversifying their economies and attracting international investment.

Street Views

  • Shailendra Singh, Peak XV Partners (Neutral on China as an investment market):

    "In the very long term, if you take a 10, 20, 30-year view, if you assume that geopolitics will find some new normal, China is going to be a huge economy, and good businesses will be built in China."

  • David Roche, Independent Strategy (Neutral on India replacing China in global trade):

    "India will continue to make progress but it will a slow and steady progress, and not at all similar to the Chinese model."